Kolkhozes existed along with state farms or sovkhoz. These were the two components of the socialized farm sector that began to emerge in Soviet agriculture after the October Revolution of 1917, as an antithesis both to the feudal structure of impoverished serfdom and aristocratic landlords and to individual or family farming. The 1920s were characterized by spontaneous emergence of collective farms, under influence of traveling propaganda workers. Initially, a collective farm resembled an updated version of the traditional Russian "commune", the generic "farming association" (zemledel'cheskaya artel'), the association for joint cultivation of land (TOZ), and finally the kolkhoz.
This gradual shift to collective farming in the first 15 years after the October Revolution was turned into a "violent stampede" during the forced collectivization campaign that began in 1928 as a means of countering "counterrevolutionary elements". Since the mid-1930s, the kolkhozes had been in effect an offshoot of the state sector (although notionally they continued to be owned by their members). After the kolkhoz amalgamations of 1950 the territorial successor of the old village kolkhoz was the "complex brigade" (brigade of brigades), a sub-unit of the new enlarged kolkhoz. This box has an excellent condition, the collector used it for display, the box has a few very tiny chips on sides, no cracks!
Please take a moment to appreciate the artistic details! This lacquer box is absolutely stunning in person! We would like to invite you to our store, we have many different vintage unique collectible papier-mâché lacquer boxes, brooches, pins from Palekh, Fedoskino, Kholuy, Mstera. THIS ITEM IS COMING FROM NON-SMOKING HOUSE! Therefore be sure that you're happy with the color, size and quality of the item.
If you need more pics, extra measurements or any other info, or you unhappy with your order, just let us know, we will help with it. Extra new waterproof bag, new boxes and envelopes are guaranteed. If you have more questions, please send me a message and I will try to respond as quickly as possible. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Cultures & Ethnicities\Russian". The seller is "usmari_shop" and is located in this country: US.
This item can be shipped to United States.